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Xi Jinping: Creating a new situation for high-quality development in my country

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Create a new situation for high-quality development in my country ※

XiJinping

a

my country's economy has shifted from a stage of rapid growth to a stage of high-quality development. It is in a critical period of transforming development methods, optimizing economic structure, and transforming growth drivers. Building a modern economic system is an urgent requirement to cross the threshold and a strategic goal for my country's development. We must adhere to the principle of putting quality first and efficiency first, take supply-side structural reform as the main line, promote the quality change, efficiency change, and power change of economic development, improve total factor productivity, and strive to accelerate the construction of the real economy, scientific and technological innovation, modern finance, and human resources. An industrial system with coordinated development will strive to build an economic system with effective market mechanisms, dynamic micro-entities, and moderate macro-control, and continuously enhance our country's economic innovation and competitiveness.

(Report at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China on October 18, 2017)

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From December 18 to 20, 2017, the Central Economic Work Conference was held in Beijing. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military CommissionXiJinpingDelivered an important speech. Xinhua Agency reporter Xie Huanchi/Photo

second

Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, and my country's economic development has also entered a new era. The characteristics of my country's economic development in the new era are what I emphasized in the report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. Our country's economy has shifted from a stage of rapid growth to a stage of high-quality development. This is a major judgment, and we must deeply understand its great practical significance and far-reaching historical significance.

First, this is an inevitable requirement for maintaining sustained and healthy economic development. Our country is at a critical stage of transforming its development mode. Labor costs are rising, resource and environmental constraints are increasing, extensive development methods are unsustainable, and the problem of poor economic circulation is very prominent. At the same time, the world's new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation are in the ascendant, with multiple breakthroughs. We must promote high-quality development to adapt to new changes in science and technology and new needs of the people, form a high-quality, efficient and diversified supply system, and provide more high-quality products and services. In this way, supply and demand can be balanced at a new level, and our country's economy can continue to develop healthily.

Second, this is an inevitable requirement to adapt to changes in the principal contradictions in our society and to comprehensively build a moderately prosperous society and comprehensively build a modern socialist country. The principal contradictions in our society have undergone major changes, and our country's economic development stage is also undergoing historic changes. Unbalanced and inadequate development is a manifestation of low quality development. To solve the main contradiction in our society, we must promote high-quality development. We must pay attention to the development of quantity, but we must pay more attention to solving quality problems and achieve effective quantitative growth while greatly improving quality.

Third, this is an inevitable requirement for development in accordance with economic laws. Since the 1960s, only a dozen of the world's more than 100 middle-income economies have successfully entered high-income economies. Those countries that have achieved success have achieved economic development from quantitative expansion to qualitative improvement after experiencing a period of rapid growth. Those countries that are stagnating or even regressing have not achieved this fundamental transformation. Economic development is a spiral process. The increase is not linear. When quantity accumulates to a certain stage, it must turn to qualitative improvement. my country's economic development must also follow this rule.

(Speech at the Central Economic Work Conference on December 18, 2017)

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From October 10 to 13, 2023, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military CommissionXiJinpingInspection in Jiangxi. This is the morning of the 11th,XiJinpingInspected at Changhe Aircraft Industry (Group) Co., Ltd. in Jingdezhen City. Photo by Xinhua Agency reporter Yan Yan

three

High-quality development is development that can well meet the people's growing needs for a better life. It is development that embodies new development concepts. It is innovation that becomes the first driving force, coordination that becomes the endogenous feature, green that becomes the universal form, openness that becomes the only way, and sharing. Development that becomes the fundamental purpose. From the perspective of supply, high-quality development should achieve a relatively complete industrial system, networked and intelligent production organization methods, strong innovation, demand capture, brand influence, core competitiveness, and high product and service quality. From the perspective of demand, high-quality development should continue to meet the personalized, diversified and ever-escalating needs of the people. This demand in turn leads to changes in the supply system and structure, and supply changes continue to generate new demands. From the perspective of input-output, high-quality development should continuously improve labor efficiency, capital efficiency, land efficiency, resource efficiency, and environmental efficiency, continuously increase the contribution rate of scientific and technological progress, and continuously improve total factor productivity. From the perspective of distribution, high-quality development should achieve returns on investment, profits for enterprises, income for employees, and taxes for the government, and fully reflect their respective contributions based on market evaluation. From the perspective of macroeconomic cycle, high-quality development should achieve smooth production, circulation, distribution, and consumption cycles. The major proportional relationships and spatial layout of the national economy should be relatively reasonable. Economic development should be relatively stable without major ups and downs. To put it more clearly, high-quality development means shifting from "whether there is or not" to "whether it is good or not".

(Speech at the Central Economic Work Conference on December 18, 2017)

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Promoting high-quality development is the fundamental requirement for us to determine development ideas, formulate economic policies, and implement macro-control at present and in the future. We must accelerate the formation of indicator systems, policy systems, standard systems, statistical systems, performance evaluation, and political achievements to promote high-quality development. Assessment, create and improve the institutional environment, and promote our country's economy to continuously make new progress in achieving high-quality development.

(Speech at the Central Economic Work Conference on December 18, 2017)

five

Practice has proved that China's economic development over the past 40 years has been achieved under open conditions, and in the future, China's economic development must also be carried out under more open conditions. This is a strategic choice made by China based on development needs. It is also taking practical actions to promote economic globalization to benefit people around the world.

(Keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the Boao Forum for Asia 2018 Annual Conference on April 10, 2018)

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Our country has entered a stage of high-quality development, and the main contradiction in society has transformed into the contradiction between the people's growing needs for a better life and unbalanced and inadequate development. The per capita GDP has reached 10,000 US dollars, and the urbanization rate exceeds 60%. There are more than 400 million people in the middle-income group, and the people's demands for a better life are constantly increasing. my country has significant institutional advantages, improved governance efficiency, long-term economic improvement, solid material foundation, abundant human resources, broad market space, strong development resilience, and stable overall social situation. It has many advantages and conditions for continued development. At the same time, the problem of unbalanced and inadequate development in my country is still prominent, innovation capabilities do not adapt to the requirements of high-quality development, the agricultural foundation is not yet solid, the gap between urban and rural regional development and income distribution is large, ecological and environmental protection has a long way to go, there are shortcomings in people's livelihood protection, and social governance There are also weaknesses.

In short, entering a new stage of development, profound changes in the domestic and foreign environment have brought not only a series of new opportunities, but also a series of new challenges. Crises coexist, crises are organic, and crises can turn for the better. We must dialectically understand and grasp the general trend at home and abroad, coordinate the overall strategic situation of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and the world's major changes unseen in a century, deeply understand the new characteristics and new requirements brought about by the development and changes of the principal contradictions in our society, and deeply understand the complex international environment brought by new contradictions and new challenges, enhance awareness of opportunities and risks, accurately identify changes, respond scientifically, proactively seek change, have the courage to sail against the wind, be good at turning crises into opportunities, and strive to achieve higher quality and more efficiency. A fairer, more sustainable and safer development.

(Speech at the symposium of experts in the economic and social fields on August 24, 2020)

seven

Our country's development has stood at a new historical starting point. In accordance with the new requirements of the new development stage, we must adhere to the problem orientation, implement the new development concept more accurately, effectively solve the problem of unbalanced and inadequate development, and promote high-quality development. For example, scientific and technological self-reliance has become the basic ability that determines the survival and development of our country, and there are many "stuck neck" problems. For example, there is a large regional development gap between urban and rural areas in my country, and how to solve this problem requires in-depth study. In particular, issues such as the differentiation and reorganization of regional sectors, the acceleration of cross-regional population transfer, and the decline of farmers 'willingness to settle in cities require intensive research. Clear ideas. For example, a high degree of consensus has been formed to accelerate the comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development. However, my country's energy system is highly dependent on fossil energy such as coal, and there is great pressure on the production and living systems to transform into green and low-carbon. The goal of carbon neutrality before 2060 is extremely arduous. For example, with the countercurrent of economic globalization and the increasingly complex and changeable external environment, we realize that we must properly handle the relationship between self-reliance and open cooperation, the relationship between active participation in the international division of labor and ensuring national security, and the relationship between utilizing foreign investment and security review, and expand opening up while ensuring security. In short, entering a new stage of development, our understanding of new development concepts must be continuously deepened, and our measures must be more precise and pragmatic to truly achieve high-quality development.

(On January 11, 2021, he will be taught by major leading cadres at the provincial and ministerial levelsXiSpeech at the special seminar on implementing the spirit of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee)

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From November 28 to December 2, 2023, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military CommissionXiJinpingInspection in Shanghai. It was the afternoon of November 28,XiJinpingVisit the Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Achievements Exhibition at Zhangjiang Science City in Pudong New District. Xinhua Agency reporter Xie Huanchi/Photo

eight

High-quality development is the theme of my country's economic and social development during the "14th Five-Year Plan" and even longer term, and is related to the overall situation of my country's socialist modernization drive. High-quality development is not just an economic requirement, but a general requirement for all aspects of economic and social development; it is not a requirement only for economically developed regions, but a requirement that must be implemented for the development of all regions; it is not a one-time requirement, but a requirement that must be adhered to for a long time. All regions must combine actual conditions, adapt measures to local conditions, make use of their strengths and make up for their weaknesses, and find a path of high-quality development that is suitable for the actual situation of the region. We must always keep the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people at heart, unswervingly enhance people's livelihood and well-being, closely integrate high-quality development with meeting the people's needs for a better life, and promote the organic combination of adhering to ecological priority, promoting high-quality development, and creating high-quality life. complement each other.

(Speech at the deliberation of the Qinghai delegation at the Fourth Session of the 13th National People's Congress on March 7, 2021)

nine

High-quality development is the primary task of comprehensively building a modern socialist country. Development is the top priority for the party to govern and rejuvenate the country. Without a solid material and technological foundation, it is impossible to comprehensively build a modern and powerful socialist country. We must fully, accurately and comprehensively implement the new development concept, adhere to the direction of socialist market economic reform, adhere to high-level opening up to the outside world, and accelerate the construction of a new development pattern with the domestic cycle as the main body and the domestic and international dual cycles reinforcing each other.

We must adhere to the theme of promoting high-quality development, organically combine the implementation of the strategy of expanding domestic demand with deepening supply-side structural reforms, enhance the endogenous power and reliability of the domestic cycle, improve the quality and level of the international cycle, and accelerate the construction of a modern economic system., strive to improve total factor productivity, strive to improve the resilience and safety level of industrial and supply chains, strive to promote urban-rural integration and coordinated regional development, and promote the economy to achieve effective qualitative improvement and reasonable quantitative growth.

(Report at the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China on October 16, 2022)

ten

Achieving high-quality development is also inseparable from agricultural development. Only when agriculture is strong, the supply of agricultural products is guaranteed, prices are stable, and people's hearts are stable can the overall economic situation be stabilized. To expand the space for modern development, agriculture and rural areas are a vast world with great potential. The modernization of hundreds of millions of farmers as a whole will release huge creative momentum and consumption potential and inject strong impetus into economic and social development. Smooth the urban-rural circulation of industry and agriculture is an important aspect of smoothing the domestic economic circulation and enhancing the resilience and strategic depth of my country's economy. Expanding domestic demand, stabilizing growth, and promoting development, building a strong agricultural country is an important starting point and breakthrough.

(Speech at the Central Rural Work Conference on December 23, 2022)

eleventh

While promoting high-quality development and making a bigger "cake", we must further divide the "cake", focus on solving people's livelihood issues such as employment, distribution, education, medical care, housing, elderly care, and child care, and build a coordinated and supporting system for three distributions. The institutional system regulates the order of income distribution, standardizes the wealth accumulation mechanism, guides and regulates the healthy development of capital in accordance with the law, gradually expands middle-income groups, and narrows the income distribution gap. Let the results of modernization benefit all people more and more equitably, and resolutely prevent polarization.

(On February 7, 2023, he will be taught by newly appointed members, alternate members and major leading cadres at the provincial and ministerial levels.XiimplementXiJinpingSpeech at the seminar on the Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and the Spirit of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China)

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From December 14 to 15, 2023, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military CommissionXiJinpingInspection in Guangxi. It was the morning of the 14th,XiJinpingInspected China-ASEAN Information Port Co., Ltd. in NanNing City, and listened to the report on the construction of the backbone project of the New Western Land-Sea Corridor in conjunction with the sand table of the Pinglu Canal. Xinhua Agency reporter Xie Huanchi/Photo

December

High-quality development is the primary task of comprehensively building a modern socialist country. We must implement the new development concept completely, accurately and comprehensively, and always grasp, measure and promote development with the inherent unity of innovation, coordination, green, openness and sharing; we must better coordinate the effective improvement of quality and reasonable growth of quantity, and always Adhere to quality first and benefit first, vigorously enhance quality awareness, regard quality as life, and pursue high quality; We must unswervingly deepen reform and opening up, deeply transform development methods, promote quality changes with efficiency changes and power changes, and accelerate the formation of sustainable high-quality development systems and mechanisms; we must take meeting the people's growing needs for a better life as the starting point and goal, Continuously transform development results into quality of life, and continuously enhance the people's sense of gain, happiness, and security.

(Speech at the deliberation of the Jiangsu delegation at the first session of the 14th National People's Congress on March 5, 2023)

thirteenth

Accelerating the realization of high-level scientific and technological self-reliance and self-reliance is the only way to promote high-quality development. In the fierce international competition, we must open up new areas and new tracks for development, and create new driving forces and new advantages for development. Fundamentally speaking, we must still rely on scientific and technological innovation. The key to whether we can build a modern and powerful socialist country in an all-round way as scheduled depends on self-reliance and self-reliance in science and technology.

(Speech at the deliberation of the Jiangsu delegation at the first session of the 14th National People's Congress on March 5, 2023)

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From March 18 to 21, 2024, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military CommissionXiJinpingInspection in Hunan. It was the afternoon of the 18th,XiJinpingInspected at the Sino-German joint venture BASF Shanshan Battery Materials Co., Ltd. Xinhua Agency reporter Xie Huanchi/Photo

fourteenth

Accelerating the construction of a new development pattern is the strategic basis for promoting high-quality development. It is necessary to organically combine the implementation of the strategy of expanding domestic demand with deepening supply-side structural reforms to accelerate the construction of a modern industrial system. We must persist in putting the focus of economic development on the real economy, further promote new industrialization, strengthen industrial infrastructure reconstruction and major technical equipment research, promote high-end, intelligent and green development of manufacturing, accelerate the construction of a strong manufacturing province, and vigorously develop Strategic emerging industries and accelerate the development of the digital economy. In accordance with the requirements of building a high-level socialist market economic system and promoting high-level opening up to the outside world, we must further promote reforms in key areas, coordinate the construction of modern infrastructure systems and high-standard market systems, and steadily expand institutional opening up.

(Speech at the deliberation of the Jiangsu delegation at the first session of the 14th National People's Congress on March 5, 2023)

fifteen

In the new journey of building a strong country and rejuvenating the nation, we must unswervingly promote high-quality development. It is necessary to completely, accurately and comprehensively implement the new development concept, accelerate the construction of a new development pattern, thoroughly implement the strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education, the strategy of strengthening the country through talent, and the strategy of innovation-driven development, strive to improve the ability of scientific and technological self-reliance, promote industrial transformation and upgrading, and promote the coordinated development of urban and rural areas. Promote the green and low-carbon economic and social development, promote the economy to achieve effective qualitative improvement and reasonable quantitative growth, and continuously strengthen my country's economic strength, scientific and technological strength, and comprehensive national strength.

(Speech at the first session of the 14th National People's Congress on March 13, 2023)

sixteen

comprehensive studyXiTo implement the spirit of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, we must firmly grasp the Party's central task in the new era and new journey, firmly grasp the scientific connotation and essential requirements of Chinese-style modernization, firmly grasp the primary task of high-quality development, and implement new development concepts, Build a new development pattern and promote common prosperity throughout the entire process of economic and social development, and further promote changes in development methods, development drivers, development fields, and development quality, and create a new situation for high-quality development in our country.

(Speech during an inspection in Sichuan from July 25 to 27, 2023)

seventeenth

We must fully, accurately and comprehensively implement the new development concept, coordinate development and security, deeply grasp the basic laws of promoting new industrialization in the new era and new journey, actively adapt to and lead a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, and integrate the requirements of high-quality development throughout the entire process of new industrialization, organically combine building a manufacturing power with developing digital economy, industrial informatization, etc., to build a strong material and technological foundation for Chinese-style modernization.

(Instructions on Promoting New Industrialization in September 2023)

eighteen

Leading cadres must establish a firm view of political achievements that benefits the people. We Communists do business and create political achievements in order to benefit the people, not for personal promotion gains and losses. Comrades of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee must take the lead in adhering to the people-centered development philosophy, adhere to high-quality development, oppose greedy pursuit of foreign affairs and blind and reckless work; insist on taking practical measures to seek practical results, oppose flashy and false data; insist on laying the foundation for the long-term benefit, and oppose exhausting the resources and wasting money. High-quality development is the primary task of comprehensively building a modern socialist country, and adhering to high-quality development must become an important part of leading cadres 'view on political achievements. It is necessary to improve the performance assessment and evaluation methods to promote high-quality development, give full play to the role of the baton, and promote leadership groups at all levels to conscientiously practice the correct view of political performance, and effectively form a correct work orientation.

(Study at the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee on December 21 and 22, 2023XiimplementXiJinpingSpeech at the Democratic Life Conference on the Theme Education of Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era)

nineteenth

We must keep in mind that high-quality development is the last word in the new era, implement the new development concept completely, accurately and comprehensively, accelerate the construction of a modern economic system, promote self-reliance and self-reliance in high-level science and technology, accelerate the construction of a new development pattern, and coordinate the advancement of deep-seated reforms and high-level security. Strategic tasks such as level opening up, coordinating high-quality development and high-level security are put in place, improve the assessment and evaluation system for promoting high-quality development, and lay a solid foundation for promoting high-quality development.

(January 31, 2024, at the 11th collective study session of the Political Bureau of the 20th CPC Central CommitteeXispeech at the time)

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From May 22 to 24, 2024, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military CommissionXiJinpingInspection in Shandong. It was the afternoon of the 22nd,XiJinpingIn Rizhao Port, I warmly expressed condolences to port scientific and technological workers, operators and shipping personnel. Xinhua Agency reporter Xie Huanchi/Photo

twenty

Developing new quality productivity is an inherent requirement and important focus for promoting high-quality development. Here, I will focus on some understanding of this.

Since July last year, when I conducted inspections and surveys in Sichuan, Heilongjiang, Zhejiang, Guangxi and other places, I proposed to integrate scientific and technological innovation resources, lead the development of strategic emerging industries and future industries, and accelerate the formation of new productive forces. In mid-December, at the Central Economic Work Conference, I also proposed to use scientific and technological innovation to promote industrial innovation, especially to use disruptive technologies and cutting-edge technologies to spawn new industries, new models, and new driving forces, and develop new productive forces. When I put forward the concept of new quality productivity and the important task of developing new quality productivity, the main considerations are that productivity is the fundamental driving force for the development of human society and the ultimate cause of all social changes and political changes. High-quality development needs to be guided by new productivity theory, and new productivity has been formed in practice and demonstrated a strong driving force and supporting force for high-quality development. We need to summarize and summarize theoretically to guide new development practice.

What is new quality productivity and how to develop new quality productivity? I have been thinking about it and have also noticed some research results in academia. To summarize, new quality productivity is the quality of advanced productivity that innovation plays a leading role, breaks away from traditional economic growth methods and productivity development paths, has the characteristics of high-tech, high-efficiency, and high-quality, and conforms to the new development concept. It was born out of revolutionary breakthroughs in technology, innovative allocation of production factors, and deep industrial transformation and upgrading. It takes the leap of workers, labor materials, labor objects and their optimized combinations as its basic connotation, and takes the significant increase in total factor productivity as its core symbol. It is characterized by innovation, the key lies in high quality, and the essence is advanced productivity.

The distinctive feature of new productivity is innovation, which includes innovation at the level of technology and business model, as well as innovation at the level of management and institutions. We must continue to do a good job in innovation and promote the accelerated development of new productive forces.

(January 31, 2024, at the 11th collective study session of the Political Bureau of the 20th CPC Central CommitteeXispeech at the time)

twenty-first

Firmly grasp the primary task of high-quality development and accelerate the development of new productive forces according to local conditions. Faced with a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, we must seize opportunities, increase innovation efforts, cultivate and expand emerging industries, advance the layout and construction of future industries, and accelerate the construction of a modern industrial system. Of course, developing new productive forces does not mean neglecting or abandoning traditional industries, but also preventing a swarm of people and bubbles, and not creating a model. All localities must adhere to the principle of proceeding from reality, establish first and then break down, adapt measures to local conditions, and provide classified guidance. According to local resource endowments, industrial foundation, scientific research conditions, etc., we must selectively promote the development of new industries, new models, and new driving forces, use new technologies to transform and upgrade traditional industries, and actively promote high-end, intelligent, and green industries.

(Speech at the deliberation of the Jiangsu delegation at the Second Session of the 14th National People's Congress on March 5, 2024)

twenty-second

Comprehensively deepen reform and opening up and continue to enhance the endogenous driving force and vitality of development. It is necessary to plan major measures to further comprehensively deepen reforms and continue to inject strong impetus into promoting high-quality development and promoting Chinese-style modernization. It is necessary to focus on building a high-level socialist market economic system, deepen the market-oriented reform of factors, build a high-standard market system, and accelerate the improvement of basic market economic systems such as property rights protection, market access, fair competition, and social credit. It is necessary to continuously improve and implement the "two unwavering" systems and mechanisms, effectively remove obstacles that restrict private enterprises from participating fairly in market competition, support the development and growth of the private economy and private enterprises, and stimulate the endogenous motivation and innovative vitality of various business entities. It is necessary to deepen reforms in the science and technology system, education system, and talent system, and strive to break through blockages that hinder the development of new quality productive forces. It is necessary to increase institutional opening up, continue to build a market-oriented, legal, and international first-class business environment, and create new advantages in a higher-level open economy.

(Speech at the deliberation of the Jiangsu delegation at the Second Session of the 14th National People's Congress on March 5, 2024)

※ This isXiJinpingExcerpts from the General Secretary's important expositions on creating a new situation for high-quality development in my country from October 2017 to March 2024.

RegionChina,Beijing,Heilongjiang,Shanghai,Jiangsu,Zhejiang,Jiangxi,Shandong,Hunan,Guangxi,Sichuan,Qinghai
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